Colleges of Nursing
Health Education Guide



With early detection and treatment, breast cancer survival rates are very good. Individual prognosis depends on the type of cancer, the stage of development when detected, and the treatments prescribed. The two most common types of breast cancer are ductal carcinoma, where tumors form in the cells of the milk ducts, and lobular carcinoma, which occurs in the milk-producing glands. Detection and therapy may include the following methods:

• Digital mammography
• Breast ultrasound
• Breast MRI
• Breast biopsy
• Chemotherapy and infusion
• Genetic consultation
• Radiation therapy
• Radical mastectomy

Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men, according to the American Cancer Society. The prostate gland is located below the bladder and surrounds part of the urethra. Enlargement of the prostate can be one of the early warning signs of prostate cancer. In the early stages, the patient may notice discomfort in urination. For men who are 50 and older, the most effective way to detect prostate cancer is through screening tests such as the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test, or the minimally invasive ultrasound imaging procedure. In order to receive optimal cancer care, the most accurate diagnosis is primary. Diagnostic and advanced imaging technology resources include the following:

Computed Tomography High-Resolution (64-slice) Scanning
3-Tesla (3T) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Single-Proton Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT)
Endoscopic Ultrasound (EUS)
Endobronchial Ultrasound (EBUS)
PET/CT Scanning
Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
Nuclear Medicine
Sentinel Node Biopsy

Cancer testing and treatment information:

Causes and Risk Factors
Cancer Prevention
Detecting Specific Cancers
Costs and Insurance
Drug Information
Types of Screening Tests
Drug Development and Approval
Clinical Trials Database
Alternative Medicine
Coping with Cancer
Cancer Topics
Cancer Information Summary
Adult Treatment
Types of Treatment
How to Find Treatment

Types of Cancer

A to Z List of Cancers
Bladder Cancer
Breast Cancer
Childhood Cancers
Colon Cancer
Endometrial Cancer
Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer
Lung Cancer
Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma
Pancreatic Cancer
Prostate Cancer
Thyroid Cancer

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